KEMP, Will. The Anarchist Computer Network - A Year Later

Anarchist movement: historyCommunication: Internet

The Anarchist Computer Network - A Year Later -by Will Kemp

A year ago, i wrote an article called "A Proposal To Set Up An Anarchist

Computer Network", which was originally published in the australian paper

"The Anarchist". I’ve recently discovered it was also reprinted by the

british paper "Freedom", the italian "Umanita Nova" and the french "Monde

Libertaire". As the net has now become a reality in Australia and my ideas

and knowledge have developed a long way beyond the point they were at a year

ago, i feel it’s time to write a follow-up.

The @NET really began in Melbourne, Australia’s second biggest city, with an

anarchist BBS called "The Xchange". This started in early 1993 as a dial-in

bulletin board system (BBS), which allowed people with their own computers

and modems to call in via the telephone system to swap messages and read text

files. For a couple of years, it ran this way, with no network connections -

and not very many users. Late in 1994, we connected it up the to Internet,

giving the users access to international email which allows them to send and

receive electronic mail to and from other Internet users all round the world.

At this point, the number of users grew dramatically.

A couple of months before The Xchange was connected to Internet, in about

November 1994, "Byteback" BBS began in Brisbane, two thousand kilometres to

the north of Melbourne, operating from Holus Bolus Anarchist Bookshop. It had

an Internet connection from the beginning and provided the same service as The

Xchange, allowing people to dial in from home with their own computers.

However, this bulletin board could also be used by coming into the shop and

this allowed people who didn’t have computers to get access to the network.

Sadly, Holus Bolus closed down at the end of July this year, leaving Byteback

homeless and without its dial-in line. However, it’s still running and is

available to the anarchist movement in Brisbane and hopefully one day it will

be fully operational again.

During this period, things were happening in Sydney too. "The Media Room"

was established by an anarchist collective who were working towards setting

up an open access multi-media resource centre. They established Internet

links around the end of 1994 and by mid 1995 had their own BBS running,

called "Catalyst". Originally the Media Room was based at Jura Books,

but is now operating from Black Rose bookshop. Jura are now working on

setting up their own media group.

In February 1995 an anarchist bookshop opened up in Melbourne, called

Barricade. Soon after opening, there was a public access computer terminal

in the shop, which was connected to Internet via The Xchange BBS. For the

few months between Barricade opening, and Holus Bolus closing, three of

the four anarchist bookshops in Australia had public access, internet-linked


However, although the anarchist communities of Brisbane, Sydney and Melbourne

all have the possibility of constant cheap communication with each other,

this network doesn’t seem to be used very much in that way yet. It’s early

days in the development of such a resource and it obviously takes time for

people to find out how they can use it, as they’ve been so isolated from

each other for so long. But i feel sure that if i write a follow-up again

in another year, this situation will have changed completely.

Strangely enough, access to this network seems to have developed and improved

international links much more rapidly than domestic ones. The most notable

example of this is the link between European Counter Network (ECN) in Italy

and The Xchange BBS in Melbourne. The Xchange now receives a constant flow

of news from the ECN BBS in Padova. The two BBSs also jointly produce a

regular English-language electronic newsletter which summarises these

postings, along with a full translation of one or two longer documents from

Italy’s ’self-organised’ left.

There have also been links built with La Linea Lliure BBS in Barcelona in

Catalunya, Spunk Press - an international collective which maintains an

archive of anarchist literature on Internet - and several other anarchist

groups and individuals around the world.

* * *

At the time of the original article, i’d had no contact with Internet and

knew virtually nothing about it. Because of this, i made no mention of it

in that article. However, thanks to the guidance of a few anarchist friends

who knew more about these things than i did, i quickly came to realise that

the job of setting up an anarchist network would be made much easier and

cheaper - and more effective - if we used Internet as our means of

communication. Since that time too, general public knowledge and use of

Internet has grown at a fantastic pace.

The original technology (known as Fidonet Protocol) which we’d envisoned

using for the net would have limited us in a lot of ways, due to the

fact that it would have been more expensive to operate and we wouldn’t

have had the instant international access we now have with Internet. However,

it would have given us some short term advantages that we didn’t get from

Internet. Firstly, it would have restricted our internal network

communication to other BBSs on our own network, which would probably have

meant there would by now be a lot more communication between the australian

cities. It would also have meant we could have had closer links with ECN in

Italy, as this is the type of network they have. La Linea Lliure in Barcelona

also operates this system and ECN in Germany have a similar network.

However, Fido Protocol is not compatible with Internet and i believe that in

the long run, all these networks and BBSs will gradually change over to using

Internet as their communication medium. The reason for using Internet is

that it’s become so much cheaper to operate than Fido (which has to be done

with long-distance phone calls) and that it gives you access to a vastly

wider network and one that’s expanding at such a pace that the anarchist

movement can’t afford not to have a voice there. Internet is undoubtedly

going to become one of the most important forms of media within a very short

time and i’d say it will eventually overtake television as the main form

of mass media in the world. Unlike television, however, we’ve got a chance

to have a significant voice in this medium, but we must get in there now

if we’re going to get the chance to develop this influence.

I’d like to see more anarchist groups around the world setting up their

own network links, as this will certainly help us communicate with each

other more easily and effectively. And with better communication, we can

only build a bigger and stronger global anarchist movement. The groups

with existing network links can provide help and advice for people and

collectives who want to set up their own computer systems. I’ve written

a book called: "Message Sticks In Cyberspace - an anarchist guide to

computer communication" ("message sticks" are traditional communication

mediums used by australian aboriginal people.) This book aims to take

people who know virtually nothing about computers and, with simple

explanations, get them to the point where they can set up a Bulletin Board

and run a network. So far this book is only available from Australia, but

hopefully there will soon be copies for sale in Europe.

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