KERIGNARD, Sophie. "Les femmes, les mal entendues du discours libertaire ? : de la fin du dix-neuvième siècle à la Grande guerre"

PROUDHON, Pierre-Joseph (1809-1865)BAKUNIN, Mihail Aleksandrovič (1814-1876)MICHEL, Louise (1830-1905)FeminismSTIRNER, Max (Bayreuth, 1806/10/25 - Berlin, 1806/06/25). Pseud. de Johann Caspar SCHMIDTBibliographyAnarcho-feminismPETIT, GabrielleKERIGNARD, Sophie

Doctoral dissertation : History : Paris 8; Michèle Riot-Sarcey, dir. 4 vol. (722 f.) : ill. [S.l.] : [s.n.], 2004. Notes, Bibliogr. and sources f. 611-709. Index

Author’s Summary

Anarchist discourse about women, from 1880 to 1914, is first analysed with three theorists : Pierre-Joseph Proudhon, Max Stirner and Michel Bakounine. Two historical events also influenced the libertarians : the Russian nihilist movement and Paris Commune. They therefore place themselves somewhere between tradition and the protection of women. They develop a discourse on the role and place of women in the family unit based on a matriarchal myth and in particular producing neo-Malthusian propaganda. The libertarians also initiate contradictory thinking on free love, as illustrated by communities and several couples. Finally, the relationship between feminism and anarchy are studied. Two anarchistic tendencies stand out : libertarian feminism and anarcho-feminism, illustrated by Louis Michel, important figure of the libertarian movement, and Gabrielle Petit, feminist militant and revolutionary.

A copy at Bibliothèque de l’Université Paris-VIII-Vincennes