Egypt.- History

Painting by Abdel Hady El Gazzar, 1953. Photo: Sobhy El Sharouny. Samir Gharib, Surrealism in Egypt, 1986

See also :

Greek Workers in Egypt 1872-1911


David PORTER: On "Leaderless Revolutions" and the Fall of Mubarak

This article first appeared on, February 11, 2011. Retrieved January 15, 2019 from

CREAGH, Ronald: Libertarian Tempests

translated by Robby Barnes and Sylvie Kashdan from "Tempêtes libertaires: Georges Hénein, Ramsès Younane, et le mouvement surréaliste en Égypte (...)

"Greek, Italian and other Anarchists in Egypt"

A chronicle about the Greek, Italian and other anarchists and radicals been active in Egypt during the late decades of 19th and the first decades (...)

PORTER, David. "On “Leaderless Revolutions” and the Fall of Mubarak"

“Leaderless revolutions,” as seen currently in North Africa, pose important challenges to outside media and to foreigners, generally, seeking (...)

GORMAN, Anthony. "Anarchists in Education: The Free Popular University in Egypt (1901)

Middle Eastern Studies 41 no. 3 (2005), 303-320. "Examines the establishment of the Free Popular University or Università Popolare Libera (UPL) (...)