PEACOCK, Noel Patrick. " Constructions of Anarchism In British Fiction, 1885-1914 "

Religion. Catholicism, Catholic ChurchLiterature (general)CONRAD, Joseph, (1857-1924)ImperialismLiterature: novelsPolitics. PopulismArt (in general)JAMES, Henry (1843-1916). Romancier américainBibliography

Ph.D. 1994. 294 p. The University of Western Ontario (Canada) Adviser: Thomas E. Tansky

DAI, VOL. 56-01A, Page 0204

“Chapter One documents the emergence of what I call an anarchist typology, or collection of stereotypes of anarchists and anarchism that indicates a late nineteenth century anxiety about the possibility of revolution. It traces the meaning of the overdetermined terms ’anarchy’ and ’anarchism’ since the sixteenth century and then looks at constructions of these terms in the late-Victorian and Edwardian periods…

Chapter Two offers a Bakhtinian reading of Henry James’s The Princess Casamassima, showing how the novel constructs anarchism primarily as a threat to art. …

Chapter Three examines the strategies by which Joseph Conrad’s The Secret Agent … [constructs] anarchism as a form of fraudulent self-deception symptomatic of a widespread social degeneracy in British society. The chapter examines in detail the novel’s ambivalent engagement with Nietzsche, showing how through a dialogue with Nietzschean intertexts anarchism is constructed as a form of religious fanaticism that is connected with the dangers of both foreign imperialism and the lower classes.

Chapter Four examines G. K. Chesterton’s novel The Man Who Was Thursday as a blatant articulation of populist and imperialist ideology that constructs anarchism as a threat to the British way of life exemplified by thefigure of the "common man." This construction is further determined by anarchism’s articulation within the context of Catholic ideology as a form of spiritual fakery associated with the demonic".